history of occupational therapy essay

Large institutions for the mentally disabled were being closed and patients were transitioned to community facilities this was known as Deinstitutionalization. If you need this or any other sample, we can send it to you via email. The end result should be a client acquiring the necessary skills, which allow them to function in their communities and surroundings. Let us know in the comments. Some think the professions are the same or that the terms are the same; there are a few different therapies for people who have been faced with a stroke, a disability, or any injury that has caused physical restrictions. These cookies do not store any personal information. William Rush Dunton Jr., known as “the father of occupational therapy”, was a strong advocate for occupational engagement and eventually formed the National Society for Promotion of Occupational Therapy (now known as AOTA). Client diversity will impact who will provide services thus causing the need for diverse practitioners. Sleagle organized the first professional school for occupational therapy practitioners (Hussey,Sabonis-Chafee and O’Brien, 2007). ...Importance of occupational therapy for children Therapy deals with physical, cognitive, psychosocial and other aspects that may impact performance. Evaluation will also address the person’s capacity to perform an activity in their chosen environment. You can get your custom paper from Sorry, but downloading is forbidden on this website. Three years later AOTA decided to separate themselves from the certification process and the National Board of Certification in Occupational Therapy (NBCOT) certifies all practitioners. The underlying principles of occupational therapy are fairly intuitive and have been integrated into medical treatment for centuries. Employment settings vary and categorized as biological (medical), sociological (social), psychological, all-inclusive, private practice and non-traditional. Occupational therapy has never quite fit in with other medical treatments. This will increase participation and the performance of the daily activities. Therapists were known as “Reconstruction Aids” and therapy was focused on “handicrafts” and “habit training” Founding of the OT Profession occurred in… the early 1920s Susan Cox Johnson was a designer and arts and crafts teacher. As science and technology change, so do our occupational therapy practice methods . Many of my family members are also in the medical profession as well. What would be most helpful for you? Roughly six months later the organization grew to 26 members, which resulted in the 1st annual meeting in September of that year. His other contribution was serving as president and treasurer of the National Society for the Promotion of Occupational Therapy. All too often today, OT is simply grouped with physical therapy due to the similarities in name, treatment processes, and treatment settings. Virtual rehabilitation is able to provide a natural or real-life environment; individuals have the opportunity to forget about their surroundings and situation and focus directly on a task in the simulated environment . Get Your Custom Essay on, By clicking “Write my paper”, you agree to our, This intends to compare and contrast three occupational therapy models, Overview Of Thyroid Hormone Replacement Therapy Medications Biology. Please join StudyMode to read the full document. One of the most notable of these is the work of A. Jean Ayers and her study of sensory integration. Occupational Therapy . Occupational Therapy practitioners played a role helping soldiers and civilians with physical disabilities in returning to a productive life. Certainly, technological advancements continually influence our current practice and occasionally they create new tools for intervention. He helped design hospitals in his native Canada and United States. Introduction It was during this period that occupational therapy began to emerge. Virtual rehabilitation is the use of virtual reality (VR) and virtual environments (VE) within rehabilitation. Benjamin Rush was the first physician to use moral treatment in the United States. This push and advancement greatly served to solidify the value of occupational therapy on the world scene. The mindset of occupational therapists continued to grow, broadening to include a number of additional treatment modalities. Practitioners are advised to continue competence. York Retreat had a family atmosphere. History of Occupational Therapy. In c. 100 BCE, Greek physician Asclepiadas initiated humane treatment of patients with mental illness using therapeutic baths, massage, exercise and music. Final Paper Assignment OTA 101 April 22, 2013 Reggie Thompson Abstract This paper is entitled “What is Occupational Therapy? It is also essential in improving flexibility and range of motion, relaxes the body muscles, and lowering blood pressure. Also the paper will discuss the various employment settings, the education requirements and the appropriate accreditations as well as the numerous organizations affiliated with the practice of occupational therapy. The vision lays out the core tenants, or pillars, which will be promoted and upheld as we journey into the future: Equity, Inclusion, and Diversity: We are intentionally inclusive and equitable and embrace diversity in all its forms.

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